Access to Medical Services

The Abuja Call for Accelerated Action Towards Universal Access to HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria Services in Africa, popularly known as the Abuja Call is a set of commitments adopted by African governments in 2006 to tackle HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB) and Malaria. In reviewing the 2000 and 2001 Abuja Declarations and Frameworks for action adopted by the African Union (AU) on Malaria, and on HIV/AIDS, TB and other related infectious diseases, African governments committed to undertake action to arrest and reverse the staggering rate at which these diseases were eroding progress in socio-economic development. The Abuja Call commits the AU to intensified leadership at all levels and makes further commitments regarding human rights, increased mobilization of resources including negotiations for debt cancellation, and collective advocacy with multilateral and bilateral donors. While the Abuja Call is a five-year plan, in 2011 it was extended for another five years following the progress report, which sited considerable progress alongside gaps in meeting the defined commitments.
Tha iCCI1PC The Abuja Call lists six goals to be achieved by 2010 (later extended to 2015) including providing access to basic services to at least five million children who have lost parents to HIV/AIDS, ensuring that 80% of people have access to condoms for HIV prevention, ensuring that at least 80% of people have access to voluntary HIV testing and counseling services, and ensuring that all HIV-positive people living with TB have access to antiretroviral drugs and counseling. It also calls for the promotion of partnerships, research and development and strengthening oversight, evaluation and reporting mechanisms, as well as greater civil society and private sector involvement in controlling the three diseases.
Other key aspects of the Abuja Call are the strengthening of health systems, increased attention to prevention, treatment, care and support and improved access to affordable medicines and technologies. On health financing, the African governments renewed their commitment to allocating 15% of their national budgets to health and incorporating health-financing plans into national development plans and frameworks. The Abuja Call stipulates that regular progress reports on implementation are prepared by governments and the AU Commission and reviewed by the AU policy organs and particularly a continental report every five years since 2006.

 

Abuja Call for Accelerated Action Towards Universal Access to HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria Services (PDF)