The African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACRWC) also known as the Children's Charter, was adopted by the Heads of State of the then, OAU in 1990. It came in force on 29th November 1999. As of April 2013, 47 African countries have ratified the Charter. The Children's Charter lays out the responsibilities of: the state, the family, the community and the individual, in the protection and promotion of the rights of the child. It is rooted in other human rights treaties, including the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights (ACHPR). The Children's Charter originated from member states believing that the United Nations Convection on the Rights of the Child (UN-CRC) missed important socio-cultural and economic realities particular to Africa. It emphasises the need to include African cultural values and experiences, when dealing with the rights of the child.
THE AFRICAN CHARTER ON THE RIGHTS AND WELFARE OF THE CHILD (PDF)