The Organization of African Unity adopted the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights (Also known as the Banjul Charter) in 1981 and it was enforced on 21" October 1986. Thus 21" October is the African Human Rights day. As of April 2013, all Member States of the African Union (AU) have ratified the Charter, except the newly established state of South Sudan. The Banjul Charter covers both civil and political rights as well as economic, social and cultural rights. The charter, furthermore, includes rights not only for individuals but also for a people. In addition, it imposes duties that are unique in international human rights instruments. The instrument is strongly African, aiming to further African values and build on the virtues of African historical traditions, while alleviating human rights violations. The charter is an international legal instrument, intended to promote and protect human rights and basic freedoms in Africa.
AFRICAN (BANJUL) CHARTER ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES' RIGHTS (PDF)