The Pan African Parliament (PAP) is one of the 11 organs of the African Union (AU) as stipulated in the Constitutive Act of the AU. Also known as the African Parliament, it is the legislative body of the African Union and exercises limited oversight has an advisory role and consultative powers. It was established by the protocol to the treaty establishing the African Economic Community (AEC) relating to the Pan-African Parliament adopted by the African Union in 2001. The protocol was adopted on 14 December 2003 and held its inaugural session in March 2004. Currently 47 countries have ratified the protocol. It was created as a means to further consolidate the aspirations of Africans for greater unity, solidarity and cohesion in a larger community in light of the rich African diversity. This continental parliament currently sits in Midrand, South Africa. The current protocol is under review with the objective of granting the PAP greater powers and roles including legislative authority.
PROTOCOL TO THE TREATY ESTABLISHING THE AFRICAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY RELATING TO THE PAN-AFRICAN PARLIAMENT (PDF)