In 2003 the African Union (AU) adopted the African Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption and it subsequently came into force on 5th August 2006. As of April 2013, 34 countries have ratified it. The convention focuses on the promotion of accountability and transparency in the management of public affairs and creating conditions that support socio-economic development. The convention aims to promote and strengthen mechanisms required to prevent, detect, punish and eradicate corruption and related offences in the public and private sector. It was intended to take the high incidences of corruption, malfeasance and abuse of public offices in Africa.
AFRICAN UNION CONVENTION ON PREVENTING AND COMBATING CORRUPTION (PDF)